5G is known as the fifth generation mobile network. It is wireless. Its early versions are 1G, 2G, 3G and 4G. It connects everything virtually. It delivers high Gigabytes data at high speed. It has ultra-low latency which means it is capable of transferring high volume data without delays. It creates better user experience. If we evaluate 5G on the basis of performance, it is better than other networks.
FOUNDAR OF 5G
The fun fact is that there is no single company or person behind the success of 5G. Instead, there are several companies who worked together to invent %g technology by using their strengths in particular areas. However, the Qualcomm, a semiconductor making company, has played vital role in the development of 5G technology by investing heavily in the foundational technologies necessary for the rapid progress.
5G NETWORK ARCHITECTURE
5Gis based on the Orthogonal Frequency-Division Multiplexing (OFDM). OFDM is the method to modulate digital signals on various different channels to minimize the disruption. It also uses the 5G NR air interface. It uses wider bandwidth. It works on the same mobile networking principles like 4G. But, its delivery rate is much higher. It has high flexibility. It has greater scalability. These qualities of 5G technology makes it accessible to more people. It has ability to be operated in low band for example sub 6 GHz (Gigahertz).
It has better mobile broadband services as compared to other 4G technology. It has ability to step in other service areas like mission critical communications and Internet of Things (IoT). Mission critical communication tries to provide better communication solutions for users. Internet of things is a combination of various computing devices that can transfer data over a network without having human to human interaction.
COMPARING PERVIOUS TECHNOLOGIES WITH 5G
|1. First generation (1 G)||1980s||It delivered analog voice.|
|2. Second generation (2 G)||1990s||Digital voice was introduced. For example , CMDA (Code Division Multiple Access)|
|3. Third generation (3 G)||Early 2000s||Mobile Data was discovered .For example ,CMDA 2000|
|4. Fourth generation (4G)||2010||4G Long Term Evolution (LTE) was introduced.|
|5. Fifth generation (5G)||2020||5G VS 4G
More connectivity, Better user experiences, Quick delivery, High speed, Minimum errors, Safer transportation, Make healthcare remotely available, digitize the logistics, improve agriculture system etc.
AFFECT ON GLOBAL ECONOMY
5G is capable of driving the global growth. It is capable of creating round about thirteen trillion dollars output. It can create twenty two million new jobs, increasing the employment level. It can contribute approximately two trillion dollars in Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of a country.
The 2035 predictions after an economy study on 5G technology showed that this technology will support a variety of industries who had goods and services of about thirteen trillion dollars.
The impact created by this technology is for sure greater than the previous technologies before it. It has completely replaced the old traditional mobile networks. It has proved to create twenty two million jobs which means more than one job for every person in Beijing. I’s by products like new applications have a very bright future. Its more positive effects will come in the limelight after certain period of time.
USAGE OF 5G
It has wide usage. Following are the three main ones:
- Can enhance mobile broadband
5G technology is capable to create new experiences like VR and AR. VR is Virtual Reality. It is shuts the physical world completely. It takes away user from real world and transfers him/her into the imagined world. AR is Augment Reality. It sprinkles the digital elements in the real view. For example, a filter on snap chat.
- Mission Critical communications
5G technology is capable of transforming industries. It can make companies to control infrastructure, vehicles and medical processes remotely. It can help industries in transmitting high speed data with low chances of error.
- Internet of Things
5G is capable of connecting various embedded sensors to everything virtually. It has advantage of scaling down the data rates and power creating effectiveness and efficiency. It provides low cost solutions.
In 2022, an average user can consume 2.3 to 11 Gigabytes per month on their smartphones. The reason behind excessive usage is the increase in online suffering, cloud computing and video traffic. The 4G technology completely changed the way we consumed the information in the past. The %G technology will bring new user experiences, new applications and new interactive contents.
5G TECHNOLOGY DANGERS
According to some sources, it can generate radiofrequencies which are very hazardous to human DNA. This can even cause cancer, early aging disruption in metabolism and other diseases.
AVAILABILITY OF 5G
Good news: It is already here. It has been planned to be commercialized by all android phone manufacturers. People will soon have access to it. It has come to developed nations. It will soon come to developing world too. The internet and smartphone lovers are already excited about it. ARE YOU TOO??